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  About :

Saint Petersburg, formerly Leningrad, Rus. Sankt-Peterburg, city (1990 est. pop. 5,036,000), capital of the Leningrad region (although not administratively part of it) and the administrative center of the Northwest district, NW European Russia, at the head of the Gulf of Finland on both banks of the Neva River and on the islands of its delta. St. Petersburg's port is linked by deepwater canal with Kotlin Island, where the outer port and the Kronshtadt naval base are located.

Russia's second largest city and its former capital, St. Petersburg is a major seaport, rail junction, and industrial, cultural, and scientific center. Although the harbor is frozen for three or four months annually, icebreakers have prolonged the navigation season. The seaport is one of the world's largest, but it handles relatively little traffic because the volume of foreign trade for Russia is small. The river port, one of the most important in the country, stands at the end of two artificial waterways, the Volga-Baltic and the White Sea–Baltic. A series of canals within the city carries considerable cargo. The city's diverse industries include shipbuilding, metallurgy, oil refining, printing, woodworking, food and tobacco processing, and the manufacture of machinery, electrical equipment, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, and textiles.

  Points of Interest :  
The city's main thoroughfare is the celebrated Nevsky Prospekt. On it are the high-spired admiralty building; the Winter Palace, built by Rastrelli; the Hermitage museum; the huge domed Cathedral of St. Isaac (1858); and the equestrian statue of Peter the Great, Falconet's masterpiece and the subject of Pushkin's poem “The Bronze Horsemen.” The city's oldest building is the fortress of Peter and Paul (1703), which served as a political prison in imperial days. Among the baroque buildings of the early 18th cent. are the Alexander Nevsky monastery (1710), the Cathedral of Saint Peter and Saint Paul (1733), the Winter Palace (1762), and the Smolny convent (1764). Neoclassical buildings of the late 18th and early 19th cent. include the Academy of Arts (1772), the Marble Palace (1785), the Taurida Palace (1788), the cathedral of the Virgin of Kazan (1811), and the Exchange (1816). St. Petersburg also has a university (est. 1804); numerous theaters, museums, scientific and medical institutes; and libraries, including the Saltykov-Shchedrin Public Library (1795) and the Academy of Sciences library. Outside the city are Pushkin, with the Summer Palace, and the former imperial residence of Peterhof (now Petrodvorets) and Gatchina. A striking phenomenon of St. Petersburg is the prolonged twilight, or the “white nights,” of June and July.
  History :  
The city was built by Peter I (Peter the Great), who sought an outlet to the sea and a port for trade through the Baltic. It was built in 1703 in what was then Ingermanland, an area conquered from Sweden during the Northern War. The fortress of Peter and Paul was erected to defend the projected new capital, which was to be a modern city and a “window looking on Europe.” Construction was carried out at tremendous human and material cost. The capital was moved from Moscow in 1712, although the land on which the city stood was not formally ceded to Russia until 1721. Italian and French architects planned the city, giving it the spacious, classical beauty that it has retained.

St. Petersburg soon replaced Arkhangelsk as Russia's leading seaport and became an important commercial center. From the second half of the 18th cent., it was also the country's principal industrial center, at first for shipbuilding and engineering and later for textiles. In 1851, a rail link with Moscow was completed. One of the world's most brilliant capitals and cultural centers, St. Petersburg was immortalized in the novels of Pushkin, Turgenev, Dostoyevsky, and Tolstoy. Its apex as an international center of literature, music, theater, and ballet and as the scene of lavish and reckless social life was reached in the late 19th and early 20th cent.

Under the surface, however, the seeds of social upheaval ripened, especially among industrial workers. Secret revolutionary societies arose, and an attempt by city workers to petition the czar precipitated a revolution in 1905. The city was renamed Petrograd in 1914. The workers, soldiers, and sailors of Petrograd also spearheaded the revolutions of Feb. and Oct., 1917. Although it lost much of its former glamour, the city remained the economic and cultural rival of Moscow, which replaced it as capital in 1918. Petrograd was renamed Leningrad in 1924. During World War II, the city was cut off from the rest of the USSR by the fall of Schlüsselburg (now Petrokrepost) to the Germans (Aug., 1941). It was besieged for over two years, during which many hundreds of thousands died of famine and disease. The city's original name was restored in 1991. In the 1990s, the city struggled to convert its heavily military-related industries to civilian purposes.

  Weather in Saint Petersburg :  
Season Month Temperature (oC)


March to May
June to August
September to November
December to February 

+8 - +19
+20 - +27
+19 - +5
+4 - -10

  Consulate General in Saint Petersburg :  
Australia General Consulate
Italyanskaya st., 1
Tel.: (+7812) 325-7333
M.: Nevsky prospect

Austria General Consulate
Furshtatskaya pr., 43, room 1
Tel.: (+7812) 275-0502
M.: Chernyshevskaya

Bulgaria General Consulate
Ryleeva st., 27
Tel.: (+7812) 273-4018
M.: Chernyshevskaya

Canada General Consulate
Malodetskoselskiy pr., 32
Tel.: (+7812) 325-8448
M.: Frunzenskaya

China General Consulate
Griboedova kanal nab., 134
Tel.: (+7812) 714-7670
Fax: 714-7958
M.: Sadovaya

Czech Republic General Consulate
Tverskaya ul., 5
Tel.: (+7812) 271-0459
M.: Chernyshevskaya

Denmark General Consulate
Kamennyy ostrov, Bolshaya Alleya, 13
Tel.: (+7812) 703-3900
M.: Chernaya Rechka

Estonia General Consulate
Bolshaya Monetnaya ul., 14
Tel.: (+7812) 702-0924
M.: Gorkovskaya

Dutch General Consulate
Bolshaya alleya, 13 
Tel.: (+7812) 346-1700, 234-3755
M.: Chernaya rechka

Finnish General Consulate
Chaikovskogo st., 71
Tel.: (+7812) 273-7321 
M.: Cernyshevskaya 

French General Consulate
Moika Emb., 15
Tel.: (+7812) 314-1443, 311-8511
M.: Nevsky prospect

German General Consulate
Furshtatskaya Street, 39
Tel.: (+7812) 320-2400 
M.: Cernishevskaya

Greece General Consulate
Mikhaylovskaya ul., 1/7
Tel.: (+7812) 329-6409
M.: Nevsky Prospekt

Hungary General Consulate
Marata ul., 15
Tel.: (+7812) 312-6458, 312-6753
M.: Mayakovskaya

India General Consulate
Ryleeva ul., 35
Tel.: (+7812) 272-1731, 272-1988
M.: Chernyshevskaya 

Italian General Consulate 
Teatralnaya pl., 10
Tel.: (+7812) 312-3106, 312-3217
M.: Sennaya ploshad

Japan General Consulate 
Moyki river nab., 29
Tel.: (+7812) 314-1418, 314-1434
M.: Nevsky Prospekt

Latvia General Consulate
10th Liniya, 11
Tel.: (+7812) 327-6055
Fax: 327-6052
M.: Vasileostrovskaya

Lithuania General Consulate
Ryleeva ul., 37
Tel.: (+7812) 327-3167, 327-0230
M.: Chernyshevskaya
Netherlands General Consulate
Moyki river nab., 11
Tel.: (+7812) 334-0200
M.: Nevsky Prospekt

Norway General Consulate
Nevsky pr., 25
Tel.: (+7812) 336-6420
M.: Nevsky Prospekt

Poland General Consulate
5-ya Sovetskaya ul., 12/14
Tel.: (+7812) 336-3140
M.: Ploshchad Vosstaniya

Romania General Consulate
Gorokhovaya ul., 4
Tel.: (+7812) 312-6141
M.: Nevsky Prospekt

Slovakia General Consulate
Orbeli ul., 21, kor. 2
Tel.: (+7812) 244-3666
M.: Ploshchad Muzhestva

Swedish General Consulate
Malaya Konushennaya street, 1/3
Tel.: (+7812) 329-1430, 329-1440 
M.: Nevsky prospect

Thailand General Consulate
Bolshoy pr. V.O., 9/6
Tel.: (+7812) 325-6271
M.: Vasileostrovskaya

U.S. General Consulate
Furshtatskaya Street, 15
Tel.: (+7812) 331-2600
M.: Cernishevskaya

United Kindgom and Northern Ireland
Proletarskoy Diktatury pl., 5
Tel.: (+7812) 320-32 00
M.: Chernyshevskaya
Fontanki river nab., 46
Tel.: (+7812) 118-5060
Fax: 118-5061
M.: Gostiny Dvor
" Honorary Consulate General:
Brazilia, Honorary Consul
6th Verkhniy per., 3
Tel.: (+7812) 703-7458
M.: Prospekt Prosveshcheniya

Iceland, Honorary Consulate
Telmana ul., 24
Tel.: (+7812) 326-8580
M.: Lomonosovskaya

Luxembourg, Honorary Consulate
Nevsky pr., 58
Tel.: (+7812) 718-3450
M.: Gostinyy Dvor

Malta, Honorary Consul
8-ya Krasnoarmeyskaya ul., 6a/5
Tel.: (+7812) 449-4780
M.: Tekhnologichesky Institut

Monaco, Honorary Consul General
Angliyskaya nab., 42
Tel.: (+7812) 312-5396
M.: Sadovaya

Korea, Honorary Consulate
Konnogvardeysky bulv., 4, pod. 3
Tel.: (+7812) 312-6400
M.: Nevsky Prospekt

Seychelles Islands, Honorary Consulate
Detskaya ul., 30
Tel.: (+7812) 322-3811
M.: Vasileostrovskaya

Spain, Honorary Consulate
Grafsky per., 4
Tel.: (+7812) 325-8470
Fax: 325-8177
M.: Vladimirskaya

Switzerland, Honorary General Consulate
Marata ul., 11
Tel.: (+7812) 325-9006
M.: Mayakovskaya
  More :  
Extracted from: http://www.answers.com
For more see W. B. Lincoln, Sunlight at Midnight: St. Petersburg and the Rise of Modern Russia (2001);
                         D. M. Glantz, The Battle for Leningrad, 1941–1944 (2002).

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